India's intelligence agency, RAW (Research and Analysis Wing), has faced global scrutiny as its alleged involvement in covert operations in Western countries comes to light.
The United States has taken serious notice of RAW's activities, leading to the shutdown of its operations in North America for the first time.
According to a special report, RAW began rapidly expanding its network worldwide, particularly in Western nations, after 2008.
The agency's purported aim was to counter any anti-India movements globally.
However, it is now revealed that RAW launched a systematic campaign against Sikhs, planning assassinations of Sikh individuals living in Western countries.
Canada was the first to expose RAW's actions to the world, although India initially denied any involvement.
Recently, the United States also uncovered the network of RAW agents operating within its borders, prompting the expulsion of key officials.
The RAW station chief in San Francisco and the second-in-command of RAW operations in London were among those ordered to leave the country.
The expulsion of the RAW officer in San Francisco raised concerns that the US might cease cooperation with India if RAW continued its aggressive operations in the West.
RAW's alleged involvement in a campaign to assassinate pro-Khalistan activists has further strained diplomatic relations.
In a significant development, the US arrested Nikhil Gupta, who was allegedly used by RAW to carry out the killing of a Sikh American citizen.
This revelation gained international attention, especially when Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau accused the Indian government of complicity in the assassination of Sikh separatist leader Hardeep Singh Najjar in a Vancouver suburb in June 2023.
Following Trudeau's statement, Canada expelled the Indian ambassador, and the perception of RAW as a global terrorist organization began to emerge.
British intelligence also expressed concern over growing terrorism against Sikhs supporting the Khalistan movement, identifying former RAW chief Samant Kumar Goel.
In a global condemnation, Pakistan expressed concern about the dangerous spread of India's covert operations, including espionage and extrajudicial killings.
Pakistan deemed these operations a clear violation of international law, joining the international chorus against RAW's activities on the global stage.