KARACHI: Renowned short-story writer Krishan Chander is being remembered on his death anniversary today (Wednesday).
Krishan Chander was born on November 23, 1914 in Lahore. He wrote mainly in Urdu, but was well-versed in Hindi and English.
He was a prolific writer, penning over 20 novels, 30 collections of short stories and scores of radio plays in Urdu and later, after partition of the country, took to writing mainly in Hindi.
He also wrote screen-plays for Bollywood movies to supplement his meager income as an author of satirical stories.
Krishan Chander’s novels (including the classic: Ek Gadhe Ki Sarguzasht (Autobiography of a Donkey) have been translated into over 16 Indian languages and some foreign languages, including English.
His short story “Annadata” was made into the film Dharti Ke Lal, by Chetan Anand in 1946 – which led to his being offered work regularly as a screen-writer by Bollywood, including such populist hits as Sharafat, 1970.
His novel Shakast (Defeat) is related to Kashmir’s partition. Mitti Ke Sanam one of his most popular novel is about the childhood memories of a young boy who lived with his parents in Kashmir.
His famous Afsanay (short stories) are the stories of Kashmiri villages, as well as those of displaced expatriates and rootless urban man. He used Pahari (dialect of people living in Poonch) words while writing in Urdu.
Chander was against the Hindu-Muslim conflicts – and might actually have been an atheist, as he was a committed Communist and card-carrying Party Member – as many radical writers in India were in the decades immediately preceding the Partition of the country.
The division of Kashmir in 1948 after the creation of India and Pakistan left deep marks on his writings. Krishan Chander died working at his desk in Mumbai on March 8, 1977. SAMAA