STOCKHOLM: Here is a list of the winners of the Nobel Medicine Prize over the past 10 years, following the latest award on Monday:
2015: William Campbell (US citizen born in Ireland) and Satoshi Omura (Japan), Tu Youyou (China) for their discoveries of treatments against parasites.
2014: John O’Keefe (Britain, US), Edvard Moser and May-Britt Moser (Norway) for discovering how the brain navigates with an “inner GPS”.
2013: James E. Rothman, Randy W. Schekman and Thomas C. Suedhof (US) for work on how the cell organises its transport system.
2012: Shinya Yamanaka (Japan) and John B. Gurdon (Britain) for discoveries in cell programming.
2011: Bruce Beutler (US), Jules Hoffmann (France) and Ralph Steinman (Canada) for work on innate immunity.
2010: Robert G. Edwards (Britain) for the development of in-vitro fertilisation.
2009: Carol Greider and Jack Szostak (US), Elizabeth Blackburn (Australia-US) for work on how chromosomes are protected.
2008: Francoise Barre-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier (France), Harald zur Hausen (Germany) for work on viruses causing cervical cancer and the discovery of human immunodeficiency virus.
2007: Mario Capecchi (US), Oliver Smithies (US), and Martin Evans (Britain) for work on gene modifications in mice using embryonic stem cells.
2006: Andrew Z. Fire (US), Craig C. Mello (US) for their discovery of RNA interference. –AFP