By Jawad Akram
In 1947, when Pakistan came into being, India emerged as a bitter enemy of Pakistan, and since then it maintains the status of chief enemy of Pakistan. Pakistan’s insistence on implementation of United Nations (UN) Security Council’s resolutions about plebiscite in disputed Kashmir valley remains the root cause of this animosity. Kashmir is a Muslim majority region claimed by India in its entirety, and a plebiscite in this valley, according to UN Security Council resolutions is still pending since 1948, because of India’s unwillingness.
After the 9/11 terror attacks, in 2001, United States (U.S.) led War on Terror (WoT) was launched in Afghanistan against Al-Qaeda and Taliban. NATO countries joined US in WoT. This war dragged Pakistan into a very complex and deadly battlefield as India was given extensive role inside Afghanistan under the banner of development projects. A steep hike in terrorist activities within Pakistan was observed later on.
Amid skyrocketing terrorist activities on its soil, Pakistan’s Army was faced with an extremely difficult mission of finding and eradicating terrorists from its localities. Pakistan’s protest about Indian use of Afghan soil to support Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) for terrorist activities within Pakistan was always sidestepped by U.S. and its NATO allies. They always turned a deaf ear towards Pakistani claims about TTP sanctuaries at Afghan soil.
There were times when Pakistani cities were jolting with daily based terrorist attacks. TTP terrorists had occupied area up to Swat (2007). The innocent children of Army Public School Peshawar were martyred by TTP. The complete list of these terrorist attacks requires writing many books. Incident of gunning down Pakistani citizens in Lahore by US CIA agent Raymond Davis, in 2011, and his possession of pictures of border area of Pakistan with India revealed another dimension of this war, that CIA is also doing something wrong in collaboration with India.
Afghan Government also arose as an arch-enemy of Pakistan. Afghan officials always accused Pakistan of terrorism within Afghanistan while ignoring Pakistan’s grievances. A bilateral rhetoric is frequently observed by Kabul and Islamabad, both alleging each other for supporting terrorists.
Pakistan Army had to fight this non-traditional war based on Intelligence Operations. Afghan government was openly acting against Pakistan while India was fighting under the cover of Afghan government and TTP. Americans were mystery, they were friends as well as enemies – may be Pakistan was just a “disliked ally” to them.
By the launch of China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) – a joint venture of Pakistan and China, many other forces turned hostile against Pakistan. Parallel development of Chabahar Port in Iran by India to undermine Gwadar port also unmasked Iran’s rivalry against Pakistan. In 2016, arrest of India’s RAW Commander Kulbhushan Jadhav from Baluchistan province after crossing Pakistan-Iran border and his confessions of terrorist activities within Pakistan to sabotage CPEC revealed further complexities for Pakistan.
To fight with Indo-Afghan-Iran-US nexus was not an easy war game but Pakistan Army, especially its Intelligence Agency (ISI), fought this drastic battle in the finest way possible to eradicate the footings of TTP from Pakistan. These brave sons of soil sacrificed their lives to secure the peaceful future of their motherland. By the courtesy of their blood, Pakistan has turned the tide of war in its favour and has regained a peaceful environment by and large.
India is still vying for encircling Pakistan and isolating it diplomatically. On eastern side of Pakistan, there is long border of India itself. On western side, there is strong presence of India in Afghanistan apparently for development projects. Within Iran, according to arrested spy Kulbhushan Jadhav, there is an extensive spy network working against Pakistan to sabotage CPEC. On Northern side of Pakistan, there is China – only friend among neighbors. And on Southern side, there is Arabian Sea. So, Pakistan is, in fact, confronted on two sides. India is struggling hard to revive the old doctrine of “Sandwiching Pakistan” which developed after Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (1979). At that time, U.S., Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates were supporting Pakistan to counter this doctrine. Now only China has sided with Pakistan to neutralize the “Encirclement by India”. Saudis still support Pakistan but they are now engaged in other regional conflicts.
This time, Russians are not in this battlefield, but India along with Afghanistan and a few other powers, are still dreaming to sandwich Pakistan. Pakistan’s Armed Forces are giving a befitting reply based on “Tit for Tat” principle.
The need of hour for Pakistani nation is to trust, love and respect these sons of soil who are paying the price of peace by sacrificing their lives, and to beware of a few politicians who condemn armed forces only for their own mean benefits.