‘Mouth cancer is rampant in Pakistan’

October 19, 2016
By: Samaa Web Desk
Published in Health

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JAMSHORO: Pakistan is a country where cases of mouth cancer are common. Therefore, it is imperative to raise awareness about the diseases that lead up to the cancer.

This was the gist of an event that took place at Liaquat University of Medical &  Health Sciences, Jamshoro on Sept. 27. LUMHS, Jamshoro collaborated with Pakistan Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons to organize Pakistan’s Pioneer Academic Congress on Oral Submucous Fibrosis, the first of its kind.

Participants at the conference found it a highly informative event, targeting one of the most important but neglected topics in the field of dentistry in South East Asia.

Oral Submucous Fibrosis is a disease which is not well-known in the rest of the world. “However, it is highly prevalent in our part of the world due to its strong association with oral cancer in Pakistan,” an expert said.

Speakers shared some important statistical related data on OSMF:

  • Schwartz reported this condition for the 1st time in Indian Women in 1952 & its premalignat potential was first reported by Paymaster in 1956.
  • World Health Organization (WHO) defined OSMF as a slowly progressive disease in which fibrous bands forms a blanched oral mucosa resulting in severe restriction of movement of the mouth by N Shrutal et al. In 1978.
  • In South Asia Oral Submucous Fibrosis (OSMF) has become an epidemic with an estimated 2.5 million people (S.C.Cox et al., 1996). OSMF is now also widely prevalent in all age groups and across all socioeconomic strata as a result of the increased popularity of the habit of chewing pan masala (Devgan et al., 2015).
  • It has been reported by Mehar et al in 1994 that people in Karachi/ Pakistan chewing areca nuts develop OSMF whilst additional tobacco results in carcinoma development.
  • Statistics from Merchant et al 2000, also show that people in Karachi Pakistan with OSMF were 19.1 times more likely to develop oral cancers than any other oral lesions.
  • More Research on this dreadful Pre-malignat Orophyrangeal Condition is needed to explore its associated dimensions from all associated Professionals.

 

 


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Story first published: 19th October 2016

 
 

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