At least 18 people were killed Sunday when two bombs hit a Catholic church on a southern Philippine island that is a stronghold of Islamist militants, the military said, days after voters backed Muslim self-rule in the region.
A powerful first blast shattered pews and left bodies strewn inside the cathedral on Muslim-majority Jolo as mass was being celebrated, an army spokesman said. Just moments later a second explosion outside killed troops who were rushing to help the wounded in the smoking and heavily damaged church.
It is one of the deadliest bomb attacks to strike the insurgency-plagued southern Philippines in years and came amid the hope spurred by voters’ overwhelming approval of a plan to give Muslims more control over their own affairs. Manila swiftly vowed to hunt down the attackers, but no group has claimed the bombing.
“We will pursue to the ends of the earth the ruthless perpetrators behind this dastardly crime,” presidential spokesman Salvador Panelo said in a statement. “The law will give them no mercy.” Five soldiers, a member of the coast guard and 12 civilians were among the dead while 83 other people were wounded, said regional military spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Gerry Besana.
The regional police chief Graciano Mijares put the toll slightly higher at 20 dead, lower than a figure of 27 he gave earlier. The second bomb was left in the utility box of a motorcycle in the parking area outside the church, a military report said.
Authorities said the notorious Abu Sayyaf kidnap-for-ransom group could be behind the blasts. “When you talk about terrorism in Sulu, the primary suspect is always the (Abu Sayyaf) but we are not discounting the possibility that there are other perpetrators,” Besana told AFP.
The remote island of Jolo is a base of the Abu Sayyaf, which is blamed for deadly bombings, including an attack on a ferry in Manila Bay in 2004 that claimed 116 lives in the country’s deadliest terror assault.
The Abu Sayyaf is a loose network of militants formed in the 1990s with seed money from Osama bin Laden’s Al-Qaeda network, and has earned millions of dollars from banditry and kidnappings-for-ransom, often targeting foreigners.
It is among armed networks based in the strife-torn region of Mindanao, some of whose members have pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group. Jolo also lies in the Bangsamoro Muslim-majority autonomous region, which local voters overwhelmingly backed last week.
The approval, which sealed a peace deal with the nation’s largest Muslim rebel group Moro Islamic Liberation Front, raised hopes for peace after decades of fighting killed some 150,000. Sulu province — which includes Jolo — voted against the creation of the new region, with its governor filing a petition in the Supreme Court to prevent its formation.
Despite Sulu’s vote, the province is legally required to join Bangsamoro because voters from across the current autonomous region voted in favour of it on the whole. Sunday’s bombing follows a New Year’s eve blast in the southern Philippine city of Cotabato killed two people and wounded 35 others.
The timing of Sunday’s bombs raised questions on whether the attack was meant to derail the peace process. Mujiv Hataman, a regional leader in the Philippines south, said the blasts highlighted the urgency of implementing the peace law.
“I hope the (law) is implemented well so it could be a solution to stop the spread of terrorism,” Hataman told AFP.
National Security Adviser Hermogenes Esperon said “extremist criminals” plotted the bombings. “We will not allow them to spoil the preference of the people for peace,” Esperon said. “Peace must prevail over war.”